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供应链学术 | 供应链复杂性的理论与测量模型

来源:足球竞猜直播 发布时间:2017-10-25       点击数:817


供应链复杂性的理论与测量模型


作者:Patrick Freinberger,奥地利应用科学大学-Logistikum

    lla Manuj,北德克萨斯大学

    Markus Gerschberger,奥地利应用科学大学-Logistikum


今天的供应链可以被认为是动态的(如:更短的产品生命周期、更多产品种类)、多功能的(如:在供应链管理中集合了不同的功能)和全球化的(如:广泛分布在世界各地的客户群、供应商、生产和分销系统),这导致了供应链的复杂性(即SCC)呈现较高水平(Manuj and Sahin, 2011年)。有证据表明,在没有恰当的管理时,供应链的复杂性很有可能会对一家公司的业绩产生负面影响(Deloitte, 2003年)。Handfield等人在2013年认为供应链复杂性水平在几年之内会增加,而这一主题将成为(Bode and Wagner2015;Handfield等人,2013)研究和实践的重要内容。



供应链复杂性的理论与测量模型的目的是通过开发和测试供应链复杂性的理论模型来全面地研究供应链的复杂性。在此过程中,一个全面的度量模型不仅适用于衡量供应链的复杂性以及相关性,同样适用于开发和应用。


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以下为原文:

Theoretical and Measurement Models of Supply ChainComplexity


Writer: Patrick Freinberger, University of AppliedSciences Upper Austria – Logistikum

lla Manuj, University of North Texas

Markus Gerschberger, University ofApplied Sciences Upper Austria – Logistikum

 

Today’s supply chains can becharacterized as dynamic (e.g., shorter product life cycles, higher productvariety), multi-functional (e.g., integration of different functions withinsupply chain management), and global (e.g., geographically dispersed customers,suppliers, and production and distribution facilities) leading to high levelsof supply chain complexity (SCC) (Manuj and Sahin, 2011). There is evidencethat SCC has the potential to negatively influence a company’s performance whennot managed adequately (Deloitte, 2003). SCC levels are expected to increaseover the next few years (Handfield et al., 2013) making the topic important forand relevant to both research and practice (Bode and Wagner, 2015; Handfield etal., 2013).


The purpose of this research is toholistically investigate SCC by developing and testing a theoretical model ofSCC. In the process, a comprehensive scale to measure SCC (and related outcomesand moderators) is also developed and/or applied empirically.